Harivansh Rai Bachchan : PrayagRaaj

Harivansh Rai Srivastava aka Bachchan (Hindi: Harivansh Rai Bachchan) was a noted Indian poet of the early Hindi literature of the early 40th century Literary Movement (Romantic Offset). He was also a famous poet of Hindi poet convention. He is known for his early work-house (Taishu). He is also the father of Bollywood megastar, Amitabh Bachchan.

Personal life and education

Srivastava was born in the Kayastha family, in the village of Babupatti (Raniganj) in Pratapgarh district, in Uttar Pradesh. He was the eldest son of Pratap Narayan Shrivastav and Saraswati Devi in ‚Äč‚ÄčAllahabad in the United Provinces (modern Uttar Pradesh). He was called Bachchan (the meaning of child at home). He received his formal school education in the municipality school and, following the family tradition of participating in Kayastha Pathshalas (Kayastha Pathshala), he considered Urdu as the first step in the field of law. He later studied at Allahabad University and Banaras Hindu University. In this period, they came under the influence of the freedom movement, then under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi.

Feeling that it was not the path she wanted to follow, she went back to the university. However, from 1941 to 1952, he taught at the English department at Allahabad University and after that he studied his doctoral thesis W.B. in St. Catherine's College, Cambridge, Cambridge University for the next two years. Yates. It was then, when he used Aich Bachchan instead of Shrivastav as his last name. Harivansh Rai's thesis gave him a PhD in Cambridge. He is the second Indian to receive a doctorate degree in English literature from Cambridge. After returning to India, he has taken re-education and also served in All India Radio, Allahabad.

In 1926, at the age of 19, Bachchan married his first wife, Shyama, who was then 14 years old. However, after ten years, in 1936, at the age of 24, he died after a long period of TB. Bachchan married again, in 1941, Ravi Bachchan They had two sons, Amitabh and Ajitabh.

In 1955, Harivansh Rai moved to Delhi to join the Ministry of External Affairs as an officer on special duty and the service he had served during the ten year period was also associated with developing Hindi as the official language. He also enrich Hindi through his translations of major writing. As a poet, he is famous for his poem Bar (Bar for Selling liquor). Besides Omar Khayyam's Rubyet, he will also be remembered for Shakespeare's Hindi translations of Macbeth and Othello and for Bhagwat Geeta. However, in November 1984, he wrote his last poem 'One November 1984' on the assassination of Indira Gandhi.

Harivansh Rai was nominated for the Indian Rajya Sabha in 1966 and three years later he received the Sahitya Akademi Award. In 1976 he was honored with Padma Bhushan for his immense contribution to Hindi literature. He was also honored with Saraswati Samman, Soviet Nehru Award and Lotus Award for the Conference of Afro-Asian authors for his unique contributions to the world of letters. But if you are asked to give yourself an introduction, then a simple introduction to them is: the body of the dead, the person of the masculine, the life of the poem - my shadow - my shadow (The body of the soil, the mind full of playing, the life of a moment - that's what I am.)


In 1941, Bachchan began teaching English at Allahabad University, after ten years there was an opportunity to apply for study in England. Although the main objective was to study the English-teaching method, Bachchan saw it as an opportunity to meet his previous studies on Irish poet WB Yates. His acceptance at Cambridge could give him more rest on his popular praise rather than his academic studies, but he did his doctorate in English literature for his work on Yates while performing excellent at Cambridge.

Bachchan was a student of the famous English literature Don, Thomas Rice Hen. In June 1954, Hennon gave his thesis for Bachchan:

"... the real contribution in our knowledge, [that] will be of great help to future students of the work of WB Yates ... [Bachchan] has a tremendous enthusiasm for its subject, and for English poetry and its background There is an unusual sensitivity. " Religion, philosophy and social history They have excellent advantages of being a poet in their own right. "

Bachchan and Heen made a close relationship during their time in Cambridge and remained in touch on returning to India. After eleven years of leaving the university, Bachchan's thesis was coincidentally coincided with the Yates Century; Dr. Hayne wrote the introduction.

In his autobiography, Bachchan described his first impressions of the city:

"Cambridge fascinated me with the first glimpse: Slowly flowing on the edge of the cam, flowing through the rows of centuries-old buildings and crossing the bridges of various designs ... A little knowledge of history also included Newton, Bacon, Darwin, Spencer On the scene of Cromwell and Milton- and Marlow, Gray, Thackeray, Wordsworth, Byron and Tennyson, and from my own country, Ramanujam, Aurobindo, Iqbal, Subhash Bose and Jawahar Lal. Ammridge looked at both contemporary and historically both dimensions, and if I had to describe my first responses, then I would have to say that I was overwhelmed: submissive with its extraordinary gifts for the world, fascinated by its cultured beauty. "

Two years later in Cambridge, Bachchan was awarded the doctorate degree: The importance of this achievement should not be underestimated. He left his wife and two children while he studied; He and his family removed economic stagnation and tried a long separation, in which there were malicious rumors against him and his family. To receive his doctorate was his dedication to the sacrifices made and it meant that his respect was left. His wife's news of their success was printed in local papers.

After returning to India, Bachchan taught briefly and then worked as a producer for All India Radio in Allahabad. In 1955, he moved to Delhi to join the Foreign Ministry of the Government of India and was closely connected with the development of Hindi as the official language of the country.

Bachchan published about 30 poems throughout his life and translated many English compositions into Hindi. She is best known for her early song Kavita Shabsh (The House of Wine), which was inspired by Edward Fitzgerald's translation, The Rubyat of Omar Khayyam; Due to its first publication in 1935, it gave prominence to them and found their invasions with wild enthusiasm from the huge audience they were attracted to. Poetry has been choreographed and performed on stage, and has been set on music. Madhusha is one of the most enduring works of Hindi literature and it has been translated into English and many regional Indian languages.


Bachchan was nominated for the Upper House of the Indian Parliament in 1966, and received many honors for his contributions in Hindi and Asian literature. In 2003, an Indian postage stamp was released in his memory. Bachchan's last popularity and influence were clear in his funeral in January 2003. Thousands of people were involved in their funeral, and tributes were paid by politicians, industrialists and Bollywood stars. His son, Bollywood star Amitabh Bachchan visited Saint Catherine in 2007 and talked about his father's time in college.


Bachchan died on January 18, 2003 due to various respiratory diseases at the age of 95. His wife, Fauja Bachchan, died in 2007 at the age of 93 after four years.

Common Sense

Currently, more people know Bachchan as the father of India's most famous film actor, Amitabh Bachchan, he knows his reputation as a poet.

The creator of the great collection hala tavern thought is often considered to be a big fan of surprising solutions. It is mistaken for the fact that the creator of one of the most famous poems on alcohol (tavern) did not drink alcohol. In fact, he had never drunk alcohol until he reached the bar. He used to drink, though, with patience, later in his life, a fact he accepted in his autobiography.

One of his inspirational poems, "Agneepath" was used as a title and theme for the blockbuster film Agneepath (translation of the fire) in 1991, in which his superstar son Amitabh Bachchan was in the form of a brutal mafia don . This film was a big success for Amitabh Bachchan to earn a national award for his performance. You can see Amitabh reciting the poem through the film.

In poetry, all the miseries that have passed through humankind have been described.

Harivansh Rai Bachchan's works:


Yours every (thy neck) (1932)

Bar (Taishu) (1935)

Madhubala (Madhubala) (1936)

Madhukalsh (Madhukalsh) (193 honey)

Nisha Namantran (Nisha Invitation) (1938)

Solitary Music (A Music) (1939)

Akul Atar (Aakul Vistar) (1943)

Satarangini (Shatangini) (1945)

Halahal (hahal) (1946)

Poetry of Bengal (Bengali poetry) (1946)

Flowers of kadi (flower of khadi) (1948)

Sauta's Garland (Yarn Garland) (1948)

Milan Yamini (Milan Yamini) (1950)

Romance Magazine (Love magazine) (1955)

Around here in Dhar (Dhar Kare Yaadhar) (1957)

Aarti and Angare (Aarti and Angare) (1958)

Buddha and Nachghar (Buddha and Nachghar) (1958)

Tribangima (TriBangima) (1961)

Chara Campus Sixth Pegs (Four Squares Fourth Pegs) (1962)

Two chats (two volumes) (1965)

Long days passed (late in the past) (1967)

Waiting for Cat-T statues (Volume of statue) (1968)

Rooted animals (forms of emerging patterns) (1969)

Mesh Sameta (Mesh Sameta) (1973)



Work with Bachchan (Moment with childhood) (1934)

Khayyam's Taal (Khayyam Ta Ta Ta) (1938)

Sopan (Sopon) (1953)

Macbeth (1957)

Janget (Janvita) (1958)

Othello (1959)

Rubariyas of Omar Khayyam (Ruubai of Omar Khayyam) (1959)

The gentle saints of the poets: Pant (gentle saints of the poets: Pant) (1960)

Aaj ke lokpriya Hindi kavi: Sumitranandan Pant (Today's popular Hindi poet: Sumitranandan Pant) (1960)

Obligative Poet: 7 (Modern Poet: 19) (1961)

Nehru: The Political Lifecycle (Nehru: Political Life Picture) (1961)

Nayy Pyarey Jharkh (New Old Zakho) (1962)

Abhinav Sopan (Innovation Sopan) (1964)

Fourteenth-century poetry (sixty-four Russian poet) (1964)

W.B. Yeats and Occultism (1968)

Marquette Rhythm Rider (Nature of Markt Island) (1968)

Nagar Song (Nagar Song) (1966)

Bachchan's popular song (Childhood Popular Song) (1967)

Hamlet (1969)

Bhasha Bhava Bhava Para (language paragraph expression) (1970)

Pant's hundred letters (Pant's hundred letters) (1970)

Diary of the Diary (Migration Diary) (1971)

King Lear (1972)

Toti Chudi Kadian (Broken Turtles) (1973)

The simplicity of my poem (half century of my poem) (1981)

Soh-Ham Hans (Sohan Hans) (1981)

Birth Anniversary of Shree Shrishti Kavitai (best poet of the eighth century) (1982)

My audio poetry (my best poet) (1984)

Joe Beat Gaya So But Cows


What can I do to forget (what to remember and forget) (1969)

NEED A Neeruman Fir (Needs Build Again) (1970)

Door to Basera (away from the resident) (1977)

From Tiswar to Sopan (from Dishwar to Sopan) (1985), In the After Hour

Na Khand of Bachchan Rakhnavali (nine clauses of Bachchan composition) (1983)

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Harivansh Rai Bachchan poems


Lamp of darkness


When is the dark ray crossing a lamp, when the mind ...

Deen fastest - the water falls!


Yatra and yatra

Sati will have to endure everything!

Traction of path

Jiban ki apradapi mein

Are we cross

Kis kar me jah bina ra

Tahhimin Maine Roulaa!