Chandra Shekhar Azad : Madhya Pradesh

Chandra Shekhar Azad was an excellent firebrand revolutionary who fiercely craved for the freedom of his country. Contemporary Bhagat Singh, Azad never received the same level of praise for his deeds, yet his karma was not less heroic. The goal of his lifetime was to create a similar problem for the British government as much as he could. He was the master of many times concealed and developed possession by British police. His famous proclamation, 'We will make foes of enemy enemies, we are free, and will remain free', 'I will face the bullets of enemies, I am free and I will always be free', your revolution The brand is exemplary. They martyred like an old friend and created a sense of nationalism in the hearts of contemporaries.

Early life and early life

Chandra Shekhar Azad was born on July 23, 1906 at Chandra Shekhar Tiwari, Pandit Sita Ram Tiwari and Jakhar Devi at Bhavra village in Jhabua district of Madhya Pradesh. Chandra Shekhar grew up with Bhils who lived in this area and learned swimming with wrestling, archery. From the very young age, Lord Hanuman was adorable. They practiced javelin throwing and developed a deep physique. He got his early schooling in Bhavara. For higher studies, he went to a Sanskrit school in Varanasi. Chandrashekhar was externally as a child and he was liked. As a student he was average but once in Benares, he came in contact with many young nationalists.

Revolutionary activities

The Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place in 1919 and had an impact on the Indian nationalist movement of the cruelty of British oppression. The gross disregard shown by the British for the basic human rights and the unarmed use of violence on the group of unarmed and peaceful people provoked a sense of hatred towards Indians directed towards the British Raj. The anti-British euphoria struck the country and Chandra Shekhar was part of a group of youth revolutionaries, who dedicated their lives for the same goal - to gain independence for the British and their beloved motherland by running away from India.

Early day: Chandrasekhar Tiwari to Chandra Shekhar Azad

During 1920-1921, the first wave of nationalist sentiments awakened by non-cooperation movement announced by Gandhiji. Chandra Shekhar rode this wave when he was a teenager and used to participate in various organized protests with great enthusiasm. In one of these demonstrations, 16-year-old Chandra Shekhar was arrested. When asked about his name, residence and his father, he told the officials, that his name is 'Azad' (free), his father's name is 'Independent' (freedom) and his residence as a prison cell. . He was sentenced to receive 15 whistles in the form of punishment. He was with those people who were of a very good nature and since then Chandra Shekhar started becoming revered as Azad.

Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) and Azad

The announcement of the suspension of the non-cooperation movement took place as a trauma for the nascent Indian nationalist sentiments. After this Azad became very excited and he decided that a completely offensive course of action was more suitable for his desired result. He called on Pranav Chatterjee, the founder of the Hindustan Republican Association, Ram Prasad Bismil. He joined HRA and focused his efforts to collect funds for the Association. He organized and executed the courageous scheme to loot the government treasury to raise funds to pursue his revolutionary activities.

Kakori Conspiracy

Ram Prasad Bismil imagined the idea of ​​robbing a train carrying Treasury money to acquire weapons for revolutionary activities. Bismil saw many security flaws in the trains carrying the Treasury money and prepared a suitable plan. He targeted the number 8 Down Train traveling from Shahjahanpur to Lucknow and stopped it in Kakori. He stopped the train by hauling the chain, took control of the guard and got 8000 rupees from the guard cabin. A passenger died in the ensuing firing between armed guards and revolutionaries. The government declared it a murder and started an intensive maneuvers to score the involved revolutionaries. Azad gave the arrest and carried out revolutionary activities from Jhansi.

Lahore Conspiracy

Azad took a long hiatus and finally reached Kanpur where HRA's headquarters were located. There he met other firebrands like Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev. With the new enthusiasm, he reconstituted the HRA and changed its name to the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association or HSRA. On October 30, 1928, Lala Lajpat Rai performed peaceful protests against the Simon Commission in Lahore. Superintendent James Scott ordered a stabbing strike to thwart the progress of the March. In this process, Lalaji was seriously injured and as a result of the wounds he died on November 17, 1928. Azad and his colleagues attributed Lala's death to the Superintendent of Police and they vowed to take revenge. Together with Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivram Rajguru, he conspired to murder Scott The plan was executed on December 17, 1928, but due to a case of misidentification, Assistant Superintendent of Police John P. Saunders was murdered. HSRA claimed responsibility for the incident the next day and the people involved included a shot at the top of the British most wanted list. Bhagat Singh was arrested on April 8, 1929 after his demonstration in the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi. When the HSRA bomb factories were busted in Lahore and Saharanpur, some members were approved for the state. As a result, around 21 members including Rajguru and Sukhdev were arrested. Azad was charged with 29 others in the Lahore conspiracy case trial, but it was among those people who were unable to catch the British officers.


The British Raj was explicit with the effect of Azad on the Law Enforcement Group, how much effort he had made to catch him, dead or alive. He also announced the reward of rupees. 30,000 on his head A huge amount of money gave important information on Azad's whereabouts. On February 27, 1931 Chandrashekhar Azad was meeting with friends in Alfred Park, Allahabad. A pre-informed police surrounded the park and Chandrasekhar asked Azad to surrender. Azad fought bravely to allow his friends to safe passage and killed three policemen. Although his shooting skills were very fast, he started repetition and got badly injured. After having no means to eliminate and escape his ammunition, he shot himself in the head with his last bullet. He never captured his pledge by the British.


The true heritage of Chandra Shekhar Azad lies in his indomitable urge to be free forever. His name immediately appeared, a person who shook the foundation of the British Raj. Azad's activities inspired his contemporaries and future generations, who wholeheartedly dedicated his life in the freedom struggle. At the same time, he became a real problem for British officers. The gift that Azad gave to his countrymen is a fierce lust for free from the oppressive handcuffs being imposed by British imperialism. By the nonviolent route Gandhi and the Congress adopted to get self-rule, the way Azad used violent freedom, he set fire to Indians' feelings of patriotism. He is still remembered as one of the greatest and most astounding figures of the Indian Armed Revolution. The tale of escape from his heroism is the legend of legends. He dreamed of independent India on the basis of socialist ideals and committed himself to fulfill his dream. His contribution did not get immediate independence, but his grand sacrifice made the Indian Revolutionaries accelerate the fire to fight even more strongly against British rule.

In popular culture

After independence, to recall the bravery of Chandrasekhar Azad, Alfred Park of Allahabad was renamed Chandrasekhar Azad Park.

Many patriotic films have portrayed Azad's character. In 2002, Akhilendra Misra of Bhagat Singh's Ajay Devgan starrer biopic, Azad's character was portrayed. The patriotism of Azad, Rajguru, Pandit Ram Prasad Basil and Ashfaqula Khan was filmed in the 2006 Bollywood film Rang De Basanti, where Aamir Khan had portrayed the character of Chandra Shekhar Azad.