Ghats of Varanasi
City of Varanasi has about 7 km long sweep with 100 bathing ghats surrounding the bank of Ganges at the West region. These ghats are basically for bathing, but these ghats are also used as a source for cremating dead bodies.

Assi Ghat-
This is most popular ghat of Varanasi. It defines the tradition and culture of Varanasi. It involves the south region of the city. This ghats has early literature in various books like Purana, kurma purana, matsypurana, kashi khanda, and padma purana. There is a belief or myth that Goddess Durga slaining the demons namely Shumbha-Ashumbha had thrown her sword and where the sword had fallen in that place there developed a big stream of water that is known as Assi River. So this Assi River as a part of Ganga become famous as Assi ghat.

Ganga Mahal Ghat(I)-
Ganga Mahal Ghat derived its name on the palace of Ex. Maharaja of Banaras at the North side of the Assi ghat. There is very beautiful carving on the ghat that signifies the Rajput’s culture and local architectural culture of 16th century A.D. and also has significant tradition and culture of this city. This palace of Maharaja of Banaras was built in 20th century A.D.

Rewan Ghat-
Rewan Ghat is also very popular ghat that was built by the Lala Mishir who is a purohit of King Ranjit Singh of Punjab. This ghat is an extended version of the Assi ghat. Other name of Rewan ghat is Lala Mishir Ghat. This was an early name. Later on in year 1879, this ghat was taken over by Maharaja Rewan, so the present name derived from the name of Maharaja Rewan and so called as Rewan ghat. This ghat has pucca stairs and all the corners of the stairs are constructed as ‘Ast Pahal’ (a type of construction).

Tulsi Ghat-
The Tulsi ghat derived its name from the famous poet Tusidas who wrote Ramcharitmanas. Its past name was Lolark ghat as per evidence of Girvanapadamanjari and Gaharwa Danpatra (17cent.A.D.). This ghat was made pucca by Baldeo Das Birala in year 1941.

Bhadaini Ghat-
This Bhadaini ghat was found by Greves in year 1909. This ghat supply water to the Varanasi city all over as it has a large water pumping set. Bathing and other religious activities are not allowed here. There is wall made of brick at the corners of the ghat.

Janaki Ghat-
Janaki ghat is built by the Maharani Kunwar of Sursand(Bihar) in 1870 A.D. In the past year, this ghat is named as "Nagamber ghat". Later on, there is pucca construction on this ghat and this ghat then named as Janaki ghat. People bath here as it has Religious important but if it is safe and Clean.

Mata Anandami Ghat-
In earlier year, this ghat was popular as 'lmalia Ghat', but in the ruling of British in 1944, Mata Anandamai bought this area from British so its name was then changed into Mata Anandami ghat. She built this ghat as pucca and also run a Ashrama. Lots of religious activities were performed in this Ashrama.

Vaccharaja Ghat-
This ghat is popular as because it is believe that seventh Jain Firthankar of Suparshvanatha was born here. This ghat was constructed as pucca by a merchant Vaccharaja in later half of 18th century. So, this ghat is known as Vaccharaja ghat. Most of the Jain community lives here at the bank of this ghat. Going upward to the bank of river Ganga, there is an image consists of Siva, Ganesh and Ganga riding on her vehicle crocodile.

Jain Ghat-
The previous name of Jain ghat is Vaccharaja ghat, but in 1931 this ghat was taken over by the Jain community and they made a pucca construction on that ghat, hence named as Jain ghat. Jain community perform religious activities on that ghat and also take bath on the South region of the ghat, but on the North region of this ghat, living Mallaha (boatman) families. This gave a different look to that Jain ghat.

Nishad Ghat-
In the earlier time, this ghat is a part of Prabhu Ghat in half 20th century, but now a number of boatman can be seen here with their small boats and nets. One of the boatman family built a temple on this ghat and that temple is named as Nishad Raj Temple on the bank of this ghat.

Cheta Singh Ghat-
This ghat has a historical importance. This place is a witness of a battle between Warren Hastings troops and Chet Singh in 1781 A.D. In the 19th century this ghat was taken over by Maharaja Prabhu Narayan from the Britishers. In the past time, this ghat is also called as Khirki ghat, but now at the present time, it is divided into 4 parts namely Niranjani, Nirrvani, Shivala, and Cheta Singh.

Niranjani Ghat-
This ghat originally was a part of Cheta Singh ghat. The name of this ghat derived from Niranjani Akhara which was established by Naga Saint in 1897. This ghat is also famous for 4 temples at its bank that has paduka (footprints) of Niranjani Maharaj, ganga images, and Durga Gauri Shankar. This ghat has not much religious importance and people are not used to bath here. In 1948, Ghatabhere rejoined by State Govt.

Mahanirvani Ghat-
This ghat is very popular as famous Akhara is present here. The name is derived from the Naga Saint as Mahanirvani. This ghat is located on the North side of the Nirvani ghat. The Maharaja of Nepal made 4 Shiva temples here on this ghat. This ghat is also famous because the Acharya Kapil Muni of Sankhya lived on this ghat in 7th century A.D. who is a legendary. Also near this ghat, the home of Mother Teresa is situated.

Shivala Ghat-
This ghat is divided into various small ghats. This ghat has an importance in the mid nineteenth century. There is witness of temple of Shiva present here, an extremely large buildings that was built by Nepal King Sanjay Vikram Shah in 19th century, and a math named as Brahmendra Math that was built by Kashiraj.

Gularia Ghat-
This ghat derived its name from a Gular tree. This tree is not present at this time. Laloo Ji Aggarwal made this ghat pucca. There are debris of old houses present on this ghat on the stairs.

Dandi Ghat-
This ghat was made pucca by Lalooji Aggarwal. This ghat was recognized by Sherring in 1968. This ghat is very clean for taking bath. There is idol of Dandi ascetics with the sticks carrying in their hand on this ghat.

Hanuman Ghat-
This ghat is very famous and popular as it derived its name from the famous Hanuman temple established here by saint Tulsidas in 18th century A.D. In ancient time, Lord Rama established this ghat and hence, this ghat then called as the name Ramesvaram ghat. Now at this time, it is a well known Juna Akhara. Lots of vairagi ascetics are living in this temple. At the side of this ghat, there are residences of South Indians.
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